Tisha B'Av shiur
"Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, cont - the laws of blessings"
Av is the fifth month in the Jewish calender. The name of “Menachem Av” is also used for the month. "Menachem Av,” means “the father who comforts. Hashem, our father has the ability to comfort the Jewish People for all the tragedies that we have suffered during this month. And we connect to Hashem with our tears.
The Laws of Tisha B'Av
On Erev Tisha B'Av , before it gets dark, one sits on the floor and eats a final meal before the fast called a seudas hamafsekes. This consists of bread, water and a cold hard boiled egg, or lentils. One dips his bread in ashes and says,"This is the Tisha B"av meal". The mood should resemble that of a person who just lost a relative and is waiting for the funeral to begin.
After sunset, one may not do the following.
* No eating or drinking
* No washing one's body
* No applying oils or creams
* No wearing leather shoes
* No marital relations
Additional prohibitions that are mourning related
* No studying Torah
* No extending greetings i.e. hello, good morning
* No working
* No sitting on a chair
Kitzur Shulchan Aruch Chapter 6 - Laws of Brachos
1. A bracha is an opportunity to thank Hashem. One should make sure he knows the proper bracha to say before he begins.One should not be occupied with anything else when he says a bracha, and he should say the words slowly and with concentration.Saying the words out loud inspires one to have proper intention.
2.One may not say Hashem's name in vain. If one says the name of Hashem accidentally , he must immediately say .."Baruch shaim kevod malchuso liolam vaed"- may the glory of His Name, the Honor of His Kingdom be blessed forever and ever...